Brickwork Masonry is produced when a Bricklayer uses Brick s and Mortar to build up structures such as Wall s, Bridge s and Chimney s. (Brickwork is also used to finish openings such as doors or windows in buildings made of other materials.)
Bricks are laid to expose their ends (Header bricks), or sides (Stretcher bricks). As the work progresses, the bricks are laid in rows called courses. The manner in which the bricks overlap as they are laid up is called the Bond . Types of bond include English , Flemish , and Herringbone , but the most common type of brickwork seen these days is the simple Stretcher Bond , showing only the long side-surface of the brick.
Because only the outside of finished brickwork is visible, cheaper grades of brick are commonly used for the hidden parts of a wall. In an old red-brick house, behind the front of red, the rest of the walls are often made of softer yellow bricks. The colour situation may be reversed if the house was built when red bricks were out of fashion. So with certain types of bond (e.g. garden wall bond) it is possible to use a higher ratio of cheaper bricks to more expensive bricks, making for a cheaper wall of the same dimensions. On the same house, sometimes a more economical "garden wall" bond has been used at the side and rear compared to the front.